I dont understand why I cant use const values in initializers ....
I don't understand why I can't use const values in initializers and array dimensions, as in const int n = 5; int a[n]; The const qualifier really means ``read-only''; an object so qualified is a run-time object which cannot (normally) be assigned to. The value of a const-qualified object is therefor... 2016-01-08, 444👍, 0💬
If you cant modify string literals, why arent they defined as being arrays of const characters?
If you cant modify string literals, why arent they defined as being arrays of const characters? One reason is that so very much code contains lines like char *p = "Hello, world!"; which are not necessarily incorrect. These lines would suffer the diagnostic messages, but it's really any later attempt... 2016-01-06, 471👍, 0💬
What is the difference between const char .....
What's the difference between const char *p, char const *p, and char * const p? The first two are interchangeable; they declare a pointer to a constant character (you can't change any pointed-to characters). char * const p declares a constant pointer to a (variable) character (i.e. you can't change ... 2016-01-06, 436👍, 0💬
Why cant I pass a char to a function which expects a const char ?
Why cant I pass a char to a function which expects a const char ? You can use a pointer-to-T (for any type T) where a pointer-to-const-T is expected. However, the rule (an explicit exception) which permits slight mismatches in qualified pointer types is not applied recursively, but only at the top l... 2016-01-04, 463👍, 0💬
Why is p turning out const, instead of the characters pointed to?
I've got the declarations typedef char *charp; const charp p; Why is p turning out const, instead of the characters pointed to? typedef substitutions are not purely textual.In the declaration const charp p; p is const for the same reason that const int i declares i as const. The typedef'ed declarati... 2016-01-04, 403👍, 0💬
What is the difference between ......
Q: What's the difference between const MAXSIZE = 100; and #define MAXSIZE 100 A preprocessor #define gives you a true compile-time constant. In C, const gives you a run-time object which you're not supposed to try to modify; ``const'' really means ``readonly''. 2015-12-22, 501👍, 0💬
What is the correct declaration of main?
What is the correct declaration of main? There are two valid declarations: int main(void) int main(int argc, char **argv) although they can be written in a variety of ways. The second parameter may be declared char *argv , you can use any names for the two parameters, and you can use old-style syn... 2015-12-22, 572👍, 0💬
Can I declare main as void, to shut off these annoying ....
Can I declare main as void, to shut off these annoying ``main returns no value'' messages? No. main must be declared as returning an int, and as taking either zero or two arguments, of the appropriate types. If you're calling exit() but still getting warnings, you may have to insert a redundant retu... 2015-12-20, 498👍, 0💬
But what about main's third argument, envp?
But what about main's third argument, envp? It's a non-standard (though common) extension. If you really need to access the environment in ways beyond what the standard getenv function provides, though, the global variable environ is probably a better avenue (though it's equally non-standard). 2015-12-20, 462👍, 0💬
I believe that declaring void main) cant fail ...
I believe that declaring void main() can't fail, since I'm calling exit instead of returning, and anyway my operating system ignores a program's exit/return status. It doesn't matter whether main returns or not, or whether anyone looks at the status; the problem is that when main is misdeclared, its... 2015-12-18, 519👍, 0💬
So what could go wrong? Are there really any systems where void main doesnt work?
So what could go wrong? Are there really any systems where void main doesnt work? It has been reported that programs using void main() and compiled using BC++ 4.5 can crash. Some compilers (including DEC C V4.1 and gcc with certain warnings enabled) will complain about void main(). 2015-12-18, 462👍, 0💬
Is exit status truly equivalent to returning the same status from main?
Is exit status truly equivalent to returning the same status from main? Yes and no. The Standard says that a return from the initial call to main is equivalent to calling exit. However, a return from main cannot be expected to work if data local to main might be needed during cleanup;A few very old,... 2015-12-16, 521👍, 0💬
I am trying to use the ANSI stringizing preprocessing operator ...
I'm trying to use the ANSI ``stringizing'' preprocessing operator `#' to insert the value of a symbolic constant into a message, but it keeps stringizing the macro's name rather than its value. It turns out that the definition of # says that it's supposed to stringize a macro argument immediately, w... 2015-12-16, 525👍, 0💬
What does the message warning macro replacement within a string literal mean?
What does the message warning macro replacement within a string literal mean? Some pre-ANSI compilers/preprocessors interpreted macro definitions like #define TRACE(var, fmt) printf("TRACE: var = fmt\n", var) such that invocations like TRACE(i, %d); were expanded as printf("TRACE: i = %d\n", i); In ... 2015-12-14, 437👍, 0💬
I am getting strange syntax errors inside lines I have ifdeffed out.
I am getting strange syntax errors inside lines I have ifdeffed out. Under ANSI C, the text inside a ``turned off'' #if, #ifdef, or #ifndef must still consist of ``valid preprocessing tokens.'' This means that the characters " and ' must each be paired just as in real C code, and the pairs mustn't c... 2015-12-14, 487👍, 0💬
What are pragmas and what are they good for?
What are pragmas and what are they good for? The #pragma directive provides a single, well-defined ``escape hatch'' which can be used for all sorts of (nonportable) implementation-specific controls and extensions: source listing control, structure packing, warning suppression (like lint's old /* NOT... 2015-12-11, 432👍, 0💬
What does pragma once mean? I found it in some header files.
What does pragma once mean? I found it in some header files. It is an extension implemented by some preprocessors to help make header files idempotent; that is, to make sure that their contents are processed exactly once even if they are #included multiple times.Some people claim that #pragma once c... 2015-12-11, 482👍, 0💬
What does it mean?
Is char a = "abc"; legal? What does it mean? It is legal in ANSI C (and perhaps in a few pre-ANSI systems), though useful only in rare circumstances. It declares an array of size three, initialized with the three characters 'a', 'b', and 'c', without the usual terminating '\0' character. The arra... 2015-12-09, 497👍, 0💬
Since array references decay into pointers ...
Since array references decay into pointers, if arr is an array, what's the difference between arr and &arr? The type. In Standard C, &arr yields a pointer, of type pointer-to-array-of-T, to the entire array. (In pre-ANSI C, the & in &arr generally elicited a warning, and was generally ignored.) Unde... 2015-12-09, 467👍, 0💬
Why cant I perform arithmetic on a void pointer?
Why cant I perform arithmetic on a void pointer? The compiler doesn't know the size of the pointed-to objects. (Remember that pointer arithmetic is always in terms of the pointed-to size; Therefore, arithmetic on void *'s is disallowed (though some compilers allow it as an extension). Before perform... 2015-12-07, 455👍, 0💬
What is the difference between memcpy and memmove?
What is the difference between memcpy and memmove? memmove offers guaranteed behavior if the memory regions pointed to by the source and destination arguments overlap. memcpy makes no such guarantee, and may therefore be more efficiently implementable. When in doubt, it's safer to use memmove. It se... 2015-12-07, 491👍, 0💬
What should malloc0 do? Return a null pointer or a pointer to 0 bytes?
What should malloc0 do? Return a null pointer or a pointer to 0 bytes? The ANSI/ISO Standard says that it may do either; the behavior is implementation-defined Portable code must either take care not to call malloc(0), or be prepared for the possibility of a null return. 2015-12-04, 538👍, 0💬
Why does the ANSI Standard place limits on the length and case-significance of external identifiers?
Why does the ANSI Standard place limits on the length and case-significance of external identifiers? The problem is linkers which are under control of neither the ANSI/ISO Standard nor the C compiler developers on the systems which have them. The limitation is only that identifiers be significant in... 2015-12-04, 519👍, 0💬
What was noalias and what ever happened to it?
What was noalias and what ever happened to it? noalias was another type qualifier, in the same syntactic class as const and volatile, which was intended to assert that an object was not pointed to (``aliased'') by other pointers. The primary application, which is an important one, would have been fo... 2015-12-02, 502👍, 0💬
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