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I am allocating a large array for some numeric work ...
I'm allocating a large array for some numeric work, using the line double *array = malloc(300 * 300 * sizeof(double)); malloc isn't returning null, but the program is acting strangely, as if it's overwriting memory, or malloc isn't allocating as much as I asked for, or something.. Notice that 300 x ...
2016-04-15, 373👍, 0💬

Why can I only seem to malloc 640K or so?. .....
I've got 8 meg of memory in my PC. Why can I only seem to malloc 640K or so?. Under the segmented architecture of PC compatibles, it can be difficult to use more than 640K with any degree of transparency, especially under MS-DOS.
2016-04-12, 351👍, 0💬

My application depends heavily on dynamic allocation of nodes for data structures ......
My application depends heavily on dynamic allocation of nodes for data structures, and malloc/free overhead is becoming a bottleneck. What can I do ? One improvement, which is particularly attractive if all nodes are the same size, is to place unused nodes on your own free list, rather than actually...
2016-04-12, 432👍, 0💬

y program is crashing, apparently somewhere down inside malloc ....
My program is crashing, apparently somewhere down inside malloc, but I can't see anything wrong with it. Is there a bug in malloc? It is unfortunately very easy to corrupt malloc's internal data structures, and the resulting problems can be stubborn. The most common source of problems is writing mor...
2016-04-06, 333👍, 0💬

I im dynamically allocating an array, like this ...
I'm dynamically allocating an array, like this: int *iarray = (int *)malloc(nints); malloc isn't returning NULL, but the code isn't working. A:malloc is a low-level, typeless allocator. It doesn't know how you're going to use the memory; all it does is to allocate as many bytes of memory as you ask ...
2016-04-06, 328👍, 0💬

You cant use dynamically-allocated memory after you free it?
You cant use dynamically-allocated memory after you free it? No. Some early documentation for malloc stated that the contents of freed memory were ``left undisturbed,'' but this ill-advised guarantee was never universal and is not required by the C Standard. Few programmers would use the contents of...
2016-04-04, 304👍, 0💬

Why isn't a pointer null after calling free? ...
Why isn't a pointer null after calling free? How unsafe is it to use (assign, compare) a pointer value after it's been freed? When you call free, the memory pointed to by the passed pointer is freed, but the value of the pointer in the caller probably remains unchanged, because C's pass-by-value sem...
2016-04-04, 309👍, 0💬

When I call malloc to allocate memory for a pointer which is local to a function ....
When I call malloc to allocate memory for a pointer which is local to a function, do I have to explicitly free it? Yes. Remember that a pointer is different from what it points to. Local variablesare deallocated when the function returns, but in the case of a pointer variable, this means that the po...
2016-03-31, 299👍, 0💬

I am allocating structures which contain pointers to other dynamically ....
I'm allocating structures which contain pointers to other dynamically-allocated objects. When I free a structure, do I also have to free each subsidiary pointer? Yes. malloc knows nothing about structure declarations or about the contents of allocated memory; it especially does not know whether allo...
2016-03-31, 272👍, 0💬

Must I free allocated memory before the program exits?
Must I free allocated memory before the program exits? You shouldn't have to. A real operating system definitively reclaims all memory and other resources when a program exits; the system cannot afford to have memory integrity depend on the whims of random programs. (Strictly speaking, it is not eve...
2016-03-28, 265👍, 0💬

I have a program which mallocs and later frees a lot of memory ...
I have a program which mallocs and later frees a lot of memory, but I can see from the operating system that memory usage doesn't actually go back down. Most implementations of malloc/free do not return freed memory to the operating system, but merely make it available for future malloc calls within...
2016-03-28, 276👍, 0💬

How does free know how many bytes to free?
How does free know how many bytes to free? The malloc/free implementation remembers the size of each block as it is allocated, so it is not necessary to remind it of the size when freeing. (Typically, the size is stored adjacent to the allocated block, which is why things usually break badly if the ...
2016-03-24, 278👍, 0💬

So can I query the malloc package to find out how big an allocated block is?
So can I query the malloc package to find out how big an allocated block is? Unfortunately, there is no standard or portable way. (Some compilers provide nonstandard extensions.) If you need to know, you'll have to keep track of it yourself.
2016-03-24, 269👍, 0💬

Why doesn't sizeof tell me the size of the block of memory pointed to by a pointer?
Why doesn't sizeof tell me the size of the block of memory pointed to by a pointer? sizeof tells you the size of the pointer. There is no portable way to find out the size of a malloc'ed block. (Remember, too, that sizeof operates at compile time
2016-03-21, 270👍, 0💬

Having dynamically allocated an array , can I change its size?
Having dynamically allocated an array , can I change its size? Yes. This is exactly what realloc is for. Given a region of malloced memory its size can be changed using code like: dynarray = realloc(dynarray, 20 * sizeof(int)); Note that realloc may not always be able to enlarge memory regions in-pl...
2016-03-21, 338👍, 0💬

Is it legal to pass a null pointer as the first argument to realloc? Why would you want to?
Is it legal to pass a null pointer as the first argument to realloc? Why would you want to? ANSI C sanctions this usage (and the related realloc(..., 0), which frees), although several earlier implementations do not support it, so it may not be fully portable. Passing an initially-null pointer to re...
2016-03-16, 334👍, 0💬

What is the difference between calloc and malloc? ....
What's the difference between calloc and malloc? Which should I use? Is it safe to take advantage of calloc's zero-filling? Does free work on memory allocated with calloc, or do you need a cfree? calloc(m, n) is essentially equivalent to p = malloc(m * n); memset(p, 0, m * n); There is no important ...
2016-03-16, 308👍, 0💬

What is alloca and why is its use discouraged?
What is alloca and why is its use discouraged? alloca allocates memory which is automatically freed when the function which called alloca returns. That is, memory allocated with alloca is local to a particular function's ``stack frame'' or context. alloca cannot be written portably, and is difficult...
2016-03-14, 278👍, 0💬

Why doesnt strcat work? ....
Why doesn't strcat(string, '!'); work? There is a very real difference between characters and strings, and strcat concatenates strings. A character constant like '!' represents a single character. A string literal between double quotes usually represents multiple characters. A string literal like "!...
2016-03-14, 291👍, 0💬

I am checking a string to see if it matches a particular value...
I'm checking a string to see if it matches a particular value. Why isn't this code working? char *string; ... if(string == "value") { /* string matches "value" */ ... } Strings in C are represented as arrays of characters, and C never manipulates (assigns, compares, etc.) arrays as a whole. The == o...
2016-03-11, 305👍, 0💬

If I can say... why can't I say...
If I can say char a[] = "Hello, world!"; why can't I say char a[14]; Strings are arrays, and you can't assign arrays directly. Use strcpy instead: strcpy(a, "Hello, world!");
2016-03-11, 289👍, 0💬

I cant get strcat to work. I tried ...
I can't get strcat to work. I tried char *s1 = "Hello, ";br> char *s2 = "world!";br> char *s3 = strcat(s1, s2);br> but I got strange results. the main problem here is that space for the concatenated result is not properly allocated. C does not provide an automatically-managed string type. C compiler...
2016-03-09, 283👍, 0💬

What is the difference between these initializations? ....
What is the difference between these initializations? char a[] = "string literal"; char *p = "string literal"; My program crashes if I try to assign a new value to p[i]. A string literal (the formal term for a double-quoted string in C source) can be used in two slightly different ways: 1. As the in...
2016-03-09, 295👍, 0💬

How can I get the numeric value corresponding to a character? ....
How can I get the numeric value (i.e. ASCII or other character set code) corresponding to a character, or vice versa? In C, characters are represented by small integers corresponding to their values in the machine's character set. Therefore, you don't need a conversion function: if you have the char...
2016-03-07, 307👍, 0💬

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