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How can I trap or ignore keyboard interrupts like control-C?
How can I trap or ignore keyboard interrupts like control-C? The basic step is to call signal, either as #include &lt;signal.h> signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN); to ignore the interrupt signal, or as extern void func(int); signal(SIGINT, func); to cause control to transfer to function func on receipt of ...
2015-03-06, 1154👍, 0💬

How can I write a macro which takes a variable number of arguments ....
How can I write a macro which takes a variable number of arguments, or use the preprocessor to ``turn off'' a function call with a variable number of arguments? One popular trick is to define and invoke the macro with a single, parenthesized ``argument'' which in the macro expansion becomes the enti...
2016-01-19, 1151👍, 0💬

Is it acceptable for one header file to #include another?
Is it acceptable for one header file to #include another? It's a question of style, and thus receives considerable debate. Many people believe that ``nested #include files'' are to be avoided: the prestigious Indian Hill Style Guide disparages them; they can make it harder to find relevant definitio...
2016-02-16, 1150👍, 0💬

I have got some code that is trying to unpack external structures
I've got some code that's trying to unpack external structures, but it's crashing with a message about an ``unaligned access.'' What does this mean? The code looks like this: struct mystruct { char c; long int i32; int i16; } s; char buf[7], *p; fread(buf, 7, 1, fp); p = buf; s.c = *p++; s.i32 = *(l...
2015-05-20, 1150👍, 0💬

How can I swap two values without using a temporary?
How can I swap two values without using a temporary? The standard hoary old assembly language programmer's trick is: a ^= b; b ^= a; a ^= b; But this sort of code has little place in modern, HLL programming. Temporary variables are essentially free, and the idiomatic code using three assignments, na...
2015-02-06, 1150👍, 0💬

What are the differences between C and CPP?
What are the differences between C and CPP? Q: Is C++ a superset of C? What are the differences between C and C++? Can I use a C++ compiler to compile C code? A: C++ was derived from C, and is largely based on it, but there are some legal C constructs which are not legal C++. Conversely, ANSI C inhe...
2015-01-10, 1150👍, 0💬

How can I write a function that takes a format string and a variable number of arguments
How can I write a function that takes a format string and a variable number of arguments, like printf, and passes them to printf to do most of the work? Use vprintf, vfprintf, or vsprintf. These routines are like their counterparts printf, fprintf, and sprintf, except that instead of a variable-leng...
2015-06-12, 1149👍, 0💬

Why is this loop always executing once?
Why is this loop always executing once? for(i = start; i &lt; end; i++); { printf("%d\n", i); } A: The accidental extra semicolon hiding at the end of the line containing the for constitutes a null statement which is, as far as the compiler is concerned, the loop body. The following brace-enclos...
2015-06-03, 1149👍, 0💬

How can I do serial comm port I O?
How can I do serial (``comm'') port I/O? It's system-dependent. Under Unix, you typically open, read, and write a device file in /dev, and use the facilities of the terminal driver to adjust its characteristics.Under MS-DOS, you can use the predefined stream stdaux, or a special file like COM1, or s...
2015-04-22, 1148👍, 0💬

I came across some code that puts a (void) cast before each call to printf. Why?
I came across some code that puts a (void) cast before each call to printf. Why? printf does return a value (the number of characters printed, or an error code), though few programs bother to check the return values from each call. Since some compilers (and lint) will warn about discarded return val...
2015-05-13, 1147👍, 0💬

What if a built-in logical or relational operator `returns something other than 1? ....
Isn't #defining TRUE to be 1 dangerous, since any nonzero value is considered ``true'' in C? What if a built-in logical or relational operator ``returns'' something other than 1? It is true (sic) that any nonzero value is considered true in C, but this applies only ``on input'', i.e. where a Boolean...
2016-02-29, 1146👍, 0💬

What does the message Automatic aggregate intialization is an ANSI feature mean?
What does the message Automatic aggregate intialization is an ANSI feature'' mean? My compiler is complaining about valid ANSI code. Messages like these are typically emitted by pre-ANSI compilers which have been upgraded just enough to detect (but not properly translate) new C features which were i...
2015-11-30, 1146👍, 0💬

People keep saying that the behavior of ...
People keep saying that the behavior of i = i++ is undefined, but I just tried it on an ANSI-conforming compiler, and got the results I expected. A compiler may do anything it likes when faced with undefined behavior (and, within limits, with implementation-defined and unspecified behavior), includi...
2015-11-18, 1146👍, 0💬

Why cant I open a file by its explicit path?
Why can't I open a file by its explicit path? The call fopen("c:\newdir\file.dat", "r") is failing. The file you actually requested--with the characters \n and \f in its name--probably doesn't exist, and isn't what you thought you were trying to open. In character constants and string literals, the ...
2015-04-08, 1146👍, 0💬

What are near and far pointers?
What are near and far pointers? These days, they're pretty much obsolete; they're definitely system-specific. They had to do with 16-bit programming under MS-DOS and perhaps some early versions of Windows. If you really need to know, see a DOS- or Windows-specific programming reference. If you're us...
2015-03-02, 1145👍, 0💬

I inherited some code which contains far too many ...
I inherited some code which contains far too many #ifdef's for my taste. How can I preprocess the code to leave only one conditional compilation set, without running it through the preprocessor and expanding all of the #include's and #define's as well? There are programs floating around called unifd...
2016-01-29, 1143👍, 0💬

I have a pre-ANSI compiler, without stdarg.h What can I do?
I have a pre-ANSI compiler, without stdarg.h What can I do? There's an older header, &lt;varargs.h>, which offers about the same functionality. Here is the vstrcat function, rewritten to use &lt;varargs.h>: #include &lt;stdio.h> #include &lt;varargs.h> #include &lt;string.h> exte...
2015-06-10, 1142👍, 0💬

I can write C code that looks more like Pascal? ....
Here are some cute preprocessor macros: #define begin { #define end } With these, I can write C code that looks more like Pascal. What do y'all think? Use of macros like these, though perhaps superficially attractive, is generally discouraged; in severe cases the practice is called ``preprocessor ab...
2016-02-24, 1141👍, 0💬

I had a frustrating problem which turned out to be caused by the line ....
I had a frustrating problem which turned out to be caused by the line printf("%d", n); where n was actually a long int. I thought that ANSI function prototypes were supposed to guard against argument type mismatches like this. A:When a function accepts a variable number of arguments, its prototype d...
2016-01-11, 1141👍, 0💬

My compiler is complaining that printf is undefined ...
My compiler is complaining that printf is undefined! How can this be? It's the world's most popular C function... Allegedly, there are C compilers for Microsoft Windows which do n ot support printf, on the argument that printf is for printing to old-fashioned terminals, while under Windows the right...
2015-07-03, 1138👍, 0💬

I had a frustrating problem which turned out to be caused by the line
I had a frustrating problem which turned out to be caused by the line printf("%d", n); where n was actually a long int. I thought that ANSI function prototypes were supposed to guard against argument type mismatches like this. When a function accepts a variable number of arguments, its prototype doe...
2015-06-15, 1137👍, 0💬

How can I access an I O board directly?
How can I access an I O board directly? At one level, at least, it's quite simple: you have a device register which is actually wired up so that the bits written to it get coverted to actual voltage levels in the real world that you can do interesting things with. In general, there are two ways to g...
2015-04-20, 1136👍, 0💬

How can I implement a delay, or time a users response, with sub-second resolution?
How can I implement a delay, or time a users response, with sub-second resolution? Unfortunately, there is no portable way. Routines you might look for on your system include clock, delay, ftime, gettimeofday, msleep, nap, napms, nanosleep, setitimer, sleep, Sleep, times, and usleep. (A function cal...
2015-03-06, 1136👍, 0💬

I keep getting errors due to library functions being undefined, but I am including all the right header files.
I keep getting errors due to library functions being undefined, but I am including all the right header files. In the general case of calling code in an external library, using #include to pull in the right header file(s) is only half of the story; you also have to tell the linker to search the exte...
2015-07-14, 1135👍, 0💬

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