How can we make Windows API calls in .NET

Q

How can we make Windows API calls in .NET?

✍: Guest

A

Windows API call are not COM based and they are invoked through Platform Invoke Services. Declare StringConversionType (Function | Sub) MethodName Lib "DllName" ([Args]) As Type

StringConversionType is for what type of conversion should take place. Either we can specify Unicode to convert all strings to Unicode values, or Auto to convert strings according to the .NET runtime rules.
MethodName is the name of the API to call.
DllName is the name of the DLL.
Args are any arguments to the API call.
Type is the return type of the API call.

Below is a sample code for VB.NET which uses Sleep windows API for delaying.

Public Class Form1
Declare Auto Sub Sleep Lib kernel32.dll (ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long)
Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As
System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
MessageBox.Show( start sleeping for 5000 Milli seconds.....)
Sleep(5000)
MessageBox.Show( end of sleeping.....)
End Sub
End Class
Note:- Source code is provided in CD in APICALL folder
In VB.NET we use declare keyword but in C# it goes little bit different, we use DLLIMPORT here.
Note :- We have interopservices in this and EXTERN keyword.


#region Using directives
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
#endregion
namespace CSharpCode
{
partial class Form1 : Form
{
[DllImport(Kernel32.dll)]
static extern int Sleep(long dwMilliseconds);
public Form1()
{
InitializeComponent();
}
private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
MessageBox.Show(Starting of 5000 ms...);
Sleep(5000);
MessageBox.Show(End of 5000 ms...);
}
}
}

2007-10-22, 5211👍, 0💬